Glossary

Terminology, acronyms and “lingo” in the developmental disability service system can be confusing. See below for often-used terms.

AAIDD
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (formerly AAMR – American Association on Mental Retardation) is the oldest and largest interdisciplinary organization of professionals and citizens concerned about intellectual and developmental disabilities.

AbilityOne
The AbilityOne program is among the largest sources of employment, on Federal contracts, for individuals who are blind or have significant disabilities in the US.

ADA
American with Disabilities Act is a federal law providing comprehensive civil rights protections for individuals on the basis of race, sex, national origin and religion.  It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in employment, public accommodations, transportation, state and local government services and telecommunications.

The Arc
The Arc is a statewide non-profit advocacy organization dedicated to the welfare of children and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities, family members, educators, professionals and the public.  Its’ activities include program development, technical assistance, information referral and counseling, prevention activities and systems advocacy.

CARF
Formerly Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities, is an organization that reviews and grants accreditation services national and internationally on the request of a facility or program.

CCS
​DDA’s Coordination of Community Services assists individuals with intellectual/developmental disabilities and their families in learning and gaining access to resources in their community, planning for their future, and accessing needed services and supports.

CMS
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, formerly known as the Health Care Financing Administration, is the federal agency responsible for administering the Medicare, Medicaid, SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance), HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), CLIA (Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments) and several other health-related programs.

CQL
The Council on Quality and Leadership provides accreditation, training, certification, and customized consultation to human service organizations and systems that share our vision of dignity, opportunity and community for all people.

Crisis Resolution
Individual’s current situation must be critical. Individual may be eligible for immediate funding based on funding availability.

Crisis Prevention
Individual’s name is on DDA’s waiting list. Individual may be eligible for available funds based on date of application.

Current Request
Individual’s name is on DDA’s waiting list. Individual may be eligible for available funds based on date of application.

DDA
Developmental Disabilities Administration is the principal state administration that provides funding for services to persons with developmental disabilities, part of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (see below).

DDC
Developmental Disabilities Council is the federally funded state organization authorized in the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 1990 to provide advocacy, policy analysis and planning, and ensure comprehensive services for persons with developmental disabilities.  This also has the responsibility of establishing a State plan which must outline major unmet needs of a person with developmental disabilities and identify services to be provided.

DHMH
Department of Health and Mental Hygiene is the state wide agency concerned with the physical, mental and social health of Marylanders.  Contains the Developmental Disabilities Administration, Mental Hygiene Administration, Local and Family Health, Medicare and Medicaid Policy and Compliance and the Office of Health Care Quality Administration (OHCQ).

DHS
Department of Human Services is the state agency Maryland’s citizens in economic and social matters.  Includes the Child Care Administration and Community Services Administration.

DORS
The Division of Rehabilitation Services provides rehabilitation services to eligible persons with disabilities to prepare for and find work (located in the Maryland State Department of Education) including supported employment.

DRM
Disability Rights Maryland, formerly Maryland Disability Law Center, is an organization designated as the State Protection and Advocacy System for protecting and advocating for the rights of children and adults with disabilities.  DRM provides legal representation to individuals who have legal problems due to their disability.

EVV
Electronic Visit Verification is a system required by the 21st Century Cures Act to be used for personal care services and home health care services that require an in-home visit by a provider.

FAE
Focus area exploration questions should be discussed during the facilitation/interview prior to the Annual Meeting using appropriate person centered planning methodologies (Pathways, Essential Lifestyle Planning, Paths, Maps, etc.)

FSS-Family Support Services
Services for children that cannot exceed $3000, per fiscal year.

Future Need
Individual’s name is on DDA’s waiting list. However, individual and family are not in dire need, or requesting services at this time.

HIPAA
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 is a set of public laws passed by Congress to improve portability and continuity of health insurance coverage in the group and individual markets, to combat waste, fraud and abuse in health insurance and the health care delivery, to reduce costs and the administrative burdens of health care by improving efficiency and effectiveness of the health care system by standardizing the interchange of electronic date for specified administrating and financial transactions and to ensure protecting the privacy of Americans’ personal health records by protecting the security and confidentiality of health care information.

IDEA
Individual with Disabilities Education Act, originally P.L. 94-142 Education for all Handicapped Children Act, mandates state and local education agencies to provide a free, appropriate public education and related services to all ‘handicapped’ children.  Subsequent amendments provide for secondary education and transition services and for funds research, training and demonstration in transition from school to adult life.  IDEA also includes Part H (early Intervention Programs for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities.)

IEP
Individualized Education Program is a written statement for a child with a disability that is developed and implemented in accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

IFSP
Individual Family Support Plan is a written plan for provided early intervention services to child eligible under Part H of the IDEA.

ISS-Individual Support Services
Services for adults that cannot exceed $5000, per fiscal year.

LISS – Low Intensity Support Services
LISS is a statewide program funded through the DDA.  LISS funding is flexible, dynamic and adaptable to the needs of the individual. LISS may be accessed multiple times throughout a year and across multiple years. It cannot exceed $3,000 in one year. Families and individuals must be specific in their requests. The agencies administering LISS in Baltimore City and Baltimore County are Humanim and Penn Mar.

MACS
Maryland Association of Community Services for Persons with Developmental Disabilities, Inc. is a professional association whose membership is comprised by agencies that provide community-based services to individuals with disabilities in Maryland.

Maryland Works, Inc.
Maryland Works, Inc. is a statewide membership association that expands employment and business ownership opportunities for people with disabilities and other barriers to employment.  Our members include non-profit community service organizations and individual workforce development professionals who specialize in creating workforce and economic opportunities for thousands of motivated and qualified Marylanders with disabilities and other barriers to employment.

MSDE
Maryland State Department of Education is the State agency responsible for ensuring that all children with disabilities residing in the State are identified, assessed and provided with free, appropriate public education consistent with state and federal laws.

OHCQ
Office of Health Care Quality is an independent office of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, responsible for inspecting, licensing and, if warranted, decertifying various programs and facilities funded and/or regulated by DHMH, including nursing homes, medical testing labs and all of the developmental disabilities community programs.

Person-Centered Plan
The Person-centered Plan (formerly called Individual Plan (IP)) begins with the understanding that all people have the right to live, love, work, play and pursue their aspirations in their community.  To that end, people have the right to figure out and pursue their good life.  What defines a good life is as individual and unique as the person being supported.  The PCP starts by learning what is most important to them and then partners with a team to create a plan that supports a clear trajectory toward their personally-defined good life.  The PCP is developed on at-least an annual basis and the individuals take action to make sure that the strategies discussing in planning meetings are implemented.

Pre-ETS
Pre-Employment Transition Services are provided specifically for students with disabilities through the Division of Rehabilitation Services (DORS).  The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act requires vocational rehabilitation agencies to set aside 15% of their federal funds to provide Pre-ETS.

SourceAmerica
An organization that connects contract work to a valued national network of nonprofits to create job opportunities for people with disabilities.

SSDI
Social Security Disability Insurance is an insurance program for former workers who have become disabled, and for disabled adult children of workers who are retired, disabled or deceased.

SSI
Supplemental Security Income is a Social Security Administration program that provides monthly payments to aged, blind and disabled people with limited income and resources (assets).

UAP
University Affiliated Program is a program, operated by a public or nonprofit private entity, including parents of persons with disabilities, professionals, paraprofessionals, students and volunteers, which is associated with, or is integral part of, a college or university and which provides for interdisciplinary training, demonstration of exemplary services, technical assistance and dissemination of findings (in accordance with Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 1900).  The Kennedy Krieger Institute is the Maryland UAP.

Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act
WIOA is a landmark legislation that is designed to strengthen and improve our nation’s public workforce system and help get Americans, including youth and those with significant barriers to employment, into high-quality jobs and careers and help employers hire and retain skilled workers.

WLEF-Waiting list Equity Funds
Funding for individuals whose care providers are age 76 and older. Access to funding depends on availability.

WLI-Waiting List Initiative
Primary caregiver is age 55 or older and access to funding depends on availability and date of application.